Peloponesse (South) - Laconia

Laconia Greece 

A gifted place promising a memorable holiday experience to any visitor.

The combination of history, scenic landscape and good climate give the Laconian land special appeal. Laconia (Lakonia) is situated on the south eastern part of Peloponnese and covers an area of 3.636 km. The terrain is mostly semi-mountainous, with rich and fertile plains with 5% of the area taken up by forests. It is defined by the two impressive mountain ranges: Taygetos on the west and Parnonas on the east and between them the river Eurotas flowing through the Laconian plain. It is washed by the Messinian and the Laconian Bays, also by the Myrtoon and Cretan Seas. The islets of Trinassos, Glaros, Leptonissi, Kasela, Roditsa, Daskalio and the island Elafonissos belong to Laconia.

The human presence since the ancient times has left its traces in the whole area of Laconia prefecture. The archeological findings are scattered everywhere: from the caves of Diros to Vafio, Elos, Pellana and Maleas of the archaic era, to Sparta of the historic era, to the Byzantine Mistras, Geraki and Monemvassia. And finally to Mani, a treasure trove of Byzantine and post Byzantine churches, Frankish castles and stunning scenery, from the castles of which broke out the uprising of 1821.

The isolated aspect of this beautiful area combined with the independent nature of its inhabitants means that some traditions have developed separately from the rest of the Peloponnese and Greece so that a distinct society made its mark on the landscape. To this day the architecture of the area is famed for the tower houses and fortified family dwellings from the period of the Ottoman occupation of Greece.

The plains around Sparta are extremely fertile, full of orange and olive trees with a hilly region where you can find a great variety of aromatic herbs and brushwood.

From an administrative aspect the prefecture of Laconia consists of four provinces: Gythio (its capital Gythio), Epidavros Limira (its capital Molai), Lacaedaemon (its capital Sparta) and Itilo (its capital Areopolis).

The population of 95.695 people ( 14.084 of them residing in Sparta ) , most are occupied in agriculture. The most important products of the area are the famous olive-oil, oranges, figs, honey and tomatoes.


Mani, the southernmost and middle peninsula of the Peloponnese or Morea, straddling the districts of Lakonia and Messenia in southern Greece, is a treasure trove of Byzantine and post Byzantine churches, Frankish castles and stunning scenery.

The isolated aspect of this beautiful area, combined with the independent nature of its inhabitants meant that some traditions developed separately from the rest of the Peloponnese and Greece so that a distinct society made its mark on the landscape. To this day the architecture of the area is famed for the tower houses and fortified family dwellings from the period of the Ottoman occupation of Greece

Villages and Towns of North West Outer Mani: Ano Doloi, Kato Doloi, Kallianeika, Kitries, Kardamiloi

 Laconia Greece Beaches

The two peninsulas of Laconia (Lakonia), the first flat, the second rocky have one common characteristic: the beautiful seashores, some of them with rocky small bays and secluded havens and others with infinite, sandy beaches. In Monemvasia, recreation by the sea can be enjoyed at the municipal beach to the north, at Pera Kakavos and Pori, and to the south at Agia Paraskevi, Nomia, Agios Stefanos and Xifias. Elafonissos possesses exquisite, trademark beaches, such as Kontogoni and Kalogeras near the village, Lefki on the eastern coast, the famous beach of Simos- in the bay of Frangos, with its sand dunes and cedars, the beach of the bay of Sarakiniko and the sandy beach of Panagia on the western coast, opposite four small islands. The sea is generous with its gifts along the coastal region of Gythion, from the municipal beach to the sandy beaches of Mavrovouni and Selinitsa where the Careta-Careta turtles always come to lay their eggs. To the south are the hospitable beaches of Vathi, Ageranos, Skoutari, Kalyvia and Paganea, with crystal-clear water.

Other very well organized beaches to enjoy your swim, outdoor activities and a delicious meal nearby the sea are the beaches in Neapolis, Archangelos, Vathia, Vlachiotis, Molai, Itilo and many more.

Laconia Greece Lifestyle & Events

Entertainment in Laconia includes dining and for that there are all-day café bars and restaurants serving various delicacies. Also various cultural and athletic events and festivals provide continuous interest. In the summertime, there are cultural festivals and various events, such as plays, concerts and exhibitions in Sparta, Gyhtio, Monemvasia and Neapoli.

In Mystras there is a big festival taking place every year from August 26 to September 2, which attracts people from the whole of Peloponnese and other Greek areas. In Sparta, it is worth attending the athletic event Spartathlon, in which international athletes take part, in remembrance of Phidippides, a sprinter who run from Athens to Sparta to request help against the Persians.

Laconia Greece Sightseeing

There many places of interest in terms of historical and other attractions. Sparta is surrounded by ancient sights and the center of the city is crowned with many neoclassical buildings and monuments.

Excavations findings at the ancient town of Sparta can be seen at the Archaeological Museum. At Amykles is the throne of Apollo, at Vafio lies the Mycenaean tomb where the two world famous golden cups were found and are displayed at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens.

A tour around the very well preserved Byzantine town of Mystras with the Archaeological Museum and at the scenic castle-town of Monemvasia, is recommended.  At Gythio you can see the remains of the ancient town, while at a distance of 10 km towards Areopolis you can see the impressive Passava castle and . the Alepotripa and Vlychada caves at Pyrgos Dirou where a unique natural phenomenon of  stunning stalactites and stalagmites are seen. Part of the Vlychada cavern tour takes place in a boat. It is a unique lifetime experience!

As attractions in this prefecture are innumerable, using a map of Laconia to guide you through amazing sightseeing moments and provide you with useful travel information is recommended.

 Laconia Greece Weather & Climate

The climate of the area, purely Mediterranean, varies with regions. Winter is generally mild, with rainfalls and snowy periods on the mountainous country. Summer is hot, autumn is mild and spring is simply wonderful. Laconia is regarded a perfect destination for carefree vacations all year round.

How to Reach Laconia Greece

You can get to Laconia prefecture by car, the easiest and most convenient way if you want to travel around and get acquainted with the beautiful beaches and important attractions. Sparta is 246 km from Athens, it can be accessed via the National Highway and the trip lasts for approximately 3 hours. There are also frequent intercity bus trips connecting Sparta with Athens, Thessaloniki and various Peloponnese prefectures. What is more, there are ferry boat departures from Gythio to Kithira, Antikithira and Crete and from Neapoli to Kithira, Antikithira and Elafonissos





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